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Pimsleur Conversational Dari Persian - AudioBook CD

Pimsleur Conversational Dari Persian - AudioBook CD

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Pimsleur Conversational Dari Persian - AudioBook CD

Pimsleur Conversational Dari (Persian)

8CD Audio Book Set

Get other Afghan Language AudioBooks click here

Pimsleur Conversational Dari (Persian) - Learn to Speak - Audio Book CD  

Brand New (8 CDs):  

About Pimsleur Conversational Dari (Persian)

HEAR IT, LEARN IT, SPEAK IT®

What is the Pimsleur® difference?

The Pimsleur Method™ provides the most effective language-learning program ever developed. The Pimsleur Method™ gives you quick command of Dari structure without tedious drills. Learning to speak Dari can actually be enjoyable and rewarding.

The key reason most people struggle with new languages is that they aren't given proper instruction, only bits and pieces of a language. Other language programs sell only these pieces -- dictionaries; grammar books and instructions; lists of hundreds or thousands words and definitions; audios containing useless drills. They leave it to you to assemble these pieces as you try to speak. Pimsleur enables you to spend your time learning to speak the language rather than just studying its parts.

When you were learning English, could you speak before you knew how to conjugate verbs? Of course you could. That learning process is what Pimsleur replicates. Pimsleur presents the whole language as one integrated piece so you can succeed.

With Pimsleur you get:

  • Grammar and vocabulary taught together in everyday conversation,
  • Interactive audio-only instruction that teaches spoken language organically,
  • The flexibility to learn anytime, anywhere,
  • 30-minute lessons designed to optimize the amount of language you can learn in one sitting.

Millions of people have used Pimsleur to gain real conversational skills in new languages quickly and easily, wherever and whenever -- without textbooks, written exercises, or drills.

About the Afghan Language Dari

Dari (Persian: دری) is the official name for the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan and is a synonymous term for Parsi.

Origin of the word "Dari"

There are different opinions about the origin of the word Dari. The majority of scholars believe that Dari refers to the Persian word darbār, meaning "Court", as it was the formal language of the Sassanids. This opinion is supported by medieval sources and early Islamic historians.

Geographical distribution

In Afghanistan Dari is also called Farsi or Parsi. These different names have been used synonymously to refer to the spoken language.

Iranian languages are widely used language in Central Asia both by native speakers and as trade languages. Many of these languages are frequently mutually intelligible.

Dari is a branch of the Indo-Iranian (Indo-Aryan) languages, a subfamily of the Indo-European languages. There are three different phases in the development of Indo-Iranian languages: Old, Middle, and Modern.[citation needed] Old Dari/Farsi and the Avestan language represents the old stage of development and were spoken in ancient Bactria. The Avestan language is called Avestan because the sacred scriptures of Zoroastrianism, Avesta, were written in this old form. Avestan died out long before the advent of Islam and except for scriptural use not much has remained of it. Old Dari, however, survived and there are many written records of old Dari, in cuneiform called Maikhi, in Khorasan.[citation needed] Old Dari was spoken until around the third century BC. It was a highly inflected language.

Dari is the major language of Afghanistan, and is spoken in the northern and western parts, and the capital, Kabul, in the east. Approximately 70% of the population of Afghanistan are native speakers.

Also, due to large emigration from Afghanistan, there are thousands of Dari speakers around the world, notably in North America, Australia and many European countries. There are small minority groups of Dari speakers in Pakistan (mainly in NWFP).

Grammar

The syntax of Dari does not differ greatly from Iran's Persian. The stress accent in Dari is different, but just as prominent as those in Iran's Persian. To mark attribution, spoken Dari uses the object marker -ra. The vowel system also differs from that of Iranian Persian, to some degree.

In addition, the major grammatical difference is the usage of continuous tense. In Iran's Persian, the verb “to have” (Persian: dāshtan) is used before any other verb to indicate a continuous action. While in Dari, the expression "dar hālé" (at the moment of), is used with the simple present or past tense to express a continuous state. Nevertheless, some Dari speakers in Afghanistan have recently adopted the structure used by Iranians.

History

Dari was the official language of the Sassanids' court. It emerged as the language of the Persians after the defeat of the Parthians by Ardeshir I in 226 CE. Dari is also referred to Middle Persian, or to a classic style of Persian language. The term "middle" Persian suggests the existence of an Old Persian and a New Persian. Old Persian was the language of the Achaemenids, which was overshadowed by Greek after the conquests of Alexander the Great.

The Muslim conquests broke the continued chain of the Persian language and Arabic (for two hundred years, i.e. 7–8 century CE) became the official language. The Persians, however, did not forget their own language and little by little, Middle Persian was being shaped into New Persian (or Dari) was influenced by Arabic loanwords and was written in the Arabic script. New Persian (or Dari) became the main language of people of Transoxiana and Khorasan in 9th century, and later, it became widespread in other parts of Iran, as well as non-Iranian regions such as India, and Anatolia . Therefore, Transoxiana and Khorasan are regarded by many as the birthplace of Persian language and Persian literature.

The Old, Middle, and New Persian are and represent the same language at three stages of its history. The New Persian language is what is called today as Farsi or Dari. "Farsi" is the local name of the Persian of Iran and "Dari" is the local name of the Persian spoken in Afghanistan. The New Persian remains close to the Middle Persian in many respects. However, New Persian has taken many words from Arabic, as opposed to Middle Persian which was influenced, to a lesser degree, by Aramaic. The grammatical structure has also undergone minor changes, mainly in relations to verbal morphology and syntax.

Pimsleur Conversational Dari (Persian) - Learn to Speak - Audio Book CD  


Pimsleur Overlap programs
The Pimsleur Language Learning System  is an cd speech acquisition tool formulated by Dr Paul Pimsluer that emphasizes active engagement over rote memorization. For the period of teaching, the listener is repeating keywords presented by indigenous people and produces new sentences by inference. As new expressions are presented, the audience is persuaded to try to remember older key phrases. The requests for any chosen expression are slowly-but-surely positioned out in ever-increasing periods of time. Between Nineteen Sixty Three and 1971, Dr Pimsleur created Greek, French, Spanish, German, and Twi training courses while educating at the University of California, Los Angeles. The Pimsleur method aims at on effectiveness in conversing, at the same time as competency in reading. These pair of features are sharpened through the use of 30-minute tutorials, which are repeated until a ranking of at least eighty% knowledge is completed before going forward to the following lesson. Throughout the classes, people pay attention to native speakers of the specific foreign language as they speak out words and phrases in both the foreign language, and also the student’s principal language. At graduated periods, learners are inspired to repeat a word or phrase just after paying attention to the talker. As the novice moves along through the training, the period increases, as does the magnitude of the lexicon. The program are made up of thirty-minute regular lessons and reduced studying lessons

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